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[An Alternative Interpretation of China 's Textile Industry' s Comparative Advantage]
Release date:[2017/7/17] Read a total of [583] time

The continued development of an industry's comparative advantage depends on the proximity of existing advantages to products that are more complex and have a higher level of technology. The continued development of a country's comparative advantage depends on the flexibility of reintegrating the accumulated production capacity from one product to another. This requires the Government to create a good market environment, so that entrepreneurs self-discovery and close to new technologies, new products, on the other hand also requires the government to develop forward-looking industrial policy, encourage and support enterprises to new products, new technology investment, Encourage and support the diffusion and application of high technology. Polypropylene spinning machine


Textile export tax rebate rate of the latest adjustments in the eyes of most business people, the Government is flexible to deal with changes in environmental changes at home and abroad an effective move. By the export tax rebate rate of the expected impact, after some textile enterprises have been forced to export the contract. Expected in the second half of this year, textile and garment exports are expected to reverse the downward trend.


The introduction of policies on the textile exports will have a certain role in promoting, but will not fundamentally reverse the decline in export growth trend, because the textile industry to produce high-cost era has come, through technological progress continue to reduce production costs, by optimizing the product Structure to comply with market demand and the pursuit of high value-added, is the long-term survival strategy, which is the consensus of most entrepreneurs. Polypropylene spinning machine


A kind of industrial upgrading thinking "Made in China" is facing an unprecedented test, but the strategic direction of development is very clear, that is to speed up the realization of industrial upgrading, and promote the export product structure and economic development model changes. However, from this year's situation, this change is not easy to achieve, we also need to break through many development bottlenecks, which requires a process. China's textile industry is at the crossroads of development, we need more rational thinking: why China's textile industry will form such an export and economic structure? Are our original strategic choices correct? 30 years of development and accumulation on this road is to make us hard to return, or for the future of the transition to prepare the conditions?


In the early days of reform and opening up, the highly strengthened dual structure of China's economic development is facing the "industrial structure and agricultural labor force for the transfer of funds" contradictions. In the face of dilemma, China has several options: one is to give priority to the development of agriculture, light industry, make up the rural labor force transfer this lesson, but this choice due to limited domestic market capacity, low level of consumption, economic construction is still in the high accumulation stage Can not be implemented. Second, take the Latin American countries to borrow foreign debt on the road, but China is a big country, according to the size of population and per capita external debt level, the total external debt to reach 1 trillion US dollars, export scale and debt capacity can not be balanced. Third, the development of mechanical and electrical products exports, through the international exchange for the development of heavy industry accumulation of funds, but the basic mechanical and electrical products belonging to the developed countries of the circle of trade, backward countries difficult to get involved. At the time of the historical conditions, the fourth road, that is, labor-intensive products into the "international economic cycle" for the rapid accumulation of industrial development funds at the same time, to solve the problem of rural labor transfer, it is both in line with national conditions, but also New ideas with international vision. As a result, China's textile industry has become the development of export-oriented economy, to undertake the international industry transfer pioneer industry.


China's famous economist Lin Yifu's theory of comparative advantage, China to abandon the catch-up strategy, bowed his head to "world factory" into the international division of the role of the system described. The comparative advantage theory holds that economic development is a gradual process, which can give full play to the comparative advantage of resource endowment at every stage of economic development, rather than out of the comparative advantage. With the development of economic development, capital accumulation and the increase of per capita capital, the structure of resource endowments has been improved. The leading products of industry will gradually shift from labor-intensive to capital-intensive, technology-intensive and information-intensive.


Summary of Economic Studies Hausmann and Rodrik, two professors at Harvard University in the United States, recently published a study in the journal Science. They found that a country's export product type determines its ability to follow up on economic growth. The study also found that the biggest difference between poor countries and rich countries in the structure of export products is that poor countries are too few in relation to export products or adjacent products, lacking the path of product or industrial upgrading.


The study compared a product to a tree, treating all the products exported as a forest, treating the products that produce them as a group of monkeys living on these different trees, and the process of economic growth or industrial upgrading , Is like a group of monkeys from a relatively barren, less fruit of the forest jump to a relatively rich, more fruit forest.


The traditional growth theory holds that new woods are always present and can always be reached. But in fact, monkeys can only jump a limited distance, can not move freely in different forests, the scope of its activities can only be adjacent to the location. Experts believe that for a country, it is important not to see how much of its exports, but to see what kind of product is exported, and whether the country in the production of these products can produce the ability to produce adjacent products The For example, an area with an apple export capacity is largely a condition for exporting pears because it is suitable for soil conditions such as apple and pear production, climatic conditions, packaging technology, storage technology, and transportation equipment. And engaged in Apple's export work necessary for agricultural experts, foreign trade experts, as well as the corresponding inspection techniques, laws and regulations, the same suitable for pear export trade. However, if the export from Apple exports to household appliances exports, then, has been developed for the majority of Apple's trade capacity will become useless. In the socio-economic activities, industrial upgrading is a lot of re-discovery of the integrated process, which means that in order to produce different products, entrepreneurs must be physical capital, human capital and institutional capital to re-allocation. For a business, it is also faced with a great deal of uncertainty when it comes to a new product with a higher productivity, or a process of discovery that costs a fee. Based on the enterprise or industry existing product space structure, to explore and discover new products may reach the direction and distance for the development of enterprises or industries is very important.


Affected by policy-oriented, more and more entrepreneurs in the industry have shifted their attention and related factors of production from the original mid-range products to higher-tech and higher-productivity products. The country to adjust the export tax rebate policy, from a short time point of view, is conducive to textile enterprises to slow down the pressure of rising production costs, in the long run, is a certain innovation ability to win the time and space. In the final analysis, only technological innovation and product upgrades is the textile industry to restore the boom of the way out.


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