公海彩船

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[Chinese products, "three" prominent problem, low-end high-end industries urgently need to be resolved]
Release date:[2017-11-8] Read a total of [490] time

Machine replacement in the country has become a trend, some boring, dangerous, labor-intensive types of work is being replaced by robots. However, in this process, few people know that robots that replace Chinese workers are mostly foreign brands.

In a spacious factory, roaring machine sounds, all kinds of fluttering robot arm, people seem to have entered another world. This is a domestic robot company in Shenyang plant situation, technicians are debugging a variety of robots, installation. Palletizing robots, painting robots for automotive production lines, service robots for restaurants and banks, and more. These products will soon be sent to the huge domestic consumer market. However, it is regrettable that enterprises that possess this kind of robot production capacity are rare in China.

More and more robots have replaced traditional workers at Foxconn's factory in China. As early as three years ago, Terry Gou, head of Foxconn, set a goal: to replace all the robots on the assembly line with workers.

In Zhejiang, machine substitutions are speeding up under the government's strong push and encouragement. Recently, the reporter from Zhejiang Province, the relevant person in charge of the Commission was informed that Zhejiang spent three years, has been replaced with robots about 2 million industrial workers. In Guangdong, Jiangsu and other traditional manufacturing provinces, machine substitutions faster and faster.

Machine replacement in the country has become a trend, some boring, dangerous, labor-intensive types of work is being replaced by robots. However, in this process, few people know that robots that replace Chinese workers are mostly foreign brands. Robots that include Foxconn production lines are also all imported goods.

"I have no objection to the substitution of machines, but one of the issues we should address is that at present domestic machine substitutions are actually foreign ones that replace Chinese workers and grab the jobs of Chinese workers." Liu Bai-cheng, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University Professor told reporters.

In recent years, the growth in the number of robot users in China has been staggering. The data show that: in 2013, China became the largest robot market in the world; the number of industrial robots sold in 2014 surpassed 57,000 units, accounting for one-fourth of global sales volume, reaching 68,000 units in 2015; in the first eight months of 2016, Robot sales also have 45,000 units, and this growth trend is still continuing.

According to Liu Baicheng introduction, most of the robots currently used in China are monopolized by 45 brands in Japan, Germany and Switzerland. "80% of the products in the market are foreign brands and the other 20% of the key components Also imported from abroad, and then assembled in the country. "

Chinese products "three" prominent problem

It is understood that Japan, Germany, Switzerland and other countries the robot industry earlier in development, and some even have a history of more than 50 years, many years of accumulation so that their technology more mature. On the other hand, in our country, due to the late start and the weak industrial foundation, many areas have opened up a large gap with other countries.

The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) pointed out at the release of the robot development plan in 2016 that the "three problems" of Chinese robots are more prominent. They are the hollowing of core technologies, the import of key components and the marginalization of high-end products.

Many people have seen robots on different occasions in China, such as diced robots in restaurants, guided robots in banks, and various kinds of speaking robots at exhibitions and exhibitions. However, these so-called high-end products, appear to Liu Bei Cheng is a simple toy, without any technical content.

Even if the domestic enterprises have been able to produce some robot products, but in actual use, still unacceptable. Reporter recently interviewed a robot operation competition, learned that in order to support local brands, the organizing committee deliberately selected the products of two domestic enterprises as competition supplies, but in practice was many participants complain.

A player from a central enterprises told reporters that the accuracy of competition products is too poor, simply can not be compared with the imported robots he usually used in production.

Contestants from an automotive company bluntly stated that they imported robots in production. The accuracy of the car production line for the robot is very high, do not allow any errors, because "can not afford the price," and domestic robots can not meet this requirement.

As the world's largest consumer market for robots, why China does not produce products that consumers are satisfied with? Qian Yong, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, told reporters that behind this fact, it has an important relationship with the country's industrial base. For example, robots reducer, servo and other key components need some special materials, and this material is not capable of producing in the country, followed also affected the development of key components.

Liu Baicheng frankly, lofty tall buildings can not be built on the beach, in order to make great progress in the field of robotics, China's enterprises can not rush to success, we should fundamentally solve the problem step by step.

Low-end high-end industries in urgent need of solution

In fact, the state has a certain degree of planning and support for the development of the robot industry and breakthroughs in key technologies. The robot industry has even been included in the 2025 breakthrough industry in China. Under the policy support, the development speed of this industry in China is also very fast. In just less than two years, the number of robot enterprises has rapidly increased from less than 400 to more than 800.

Many provinces and cities have also set up robotics industrial park, attracting robot enterprises through investment attraction. The reporter learned from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) that as of the end of 2016, more than 40 robot industrial parks under construction and built have already reached 40 in some provinces, and several robot industrial parks will be built in some provinces.

However, there is a great hidden danger behind this upsurge. Regardless of its own resource endowments and technical features, all over the province have swarmed the park and built projects, but they have been developing lightly and lightly. This has led to the low-end high-end industry in China's robot industry The tendency.

This reporter learned that many so-called robotics enterprises set up after the simple import of foreign parts, and then assembled in the country and then the external sales, simply do not talk about the technical content. According to Qu Songkui, head of Xinsong Robot Company, there are very few enterprises in the domestic robot industry that have the capability of independent research and development.

In a robot business forum, a responsible person at the Ministry of Industry has reminded a number of robot companies: we must really focus on research and development, the company positioned as a century-old, do not speculation in this industry, the city, the financing of the capital Left, eventually leaving the industry only a mess.

It is to see the development of the domestic robot industry in the irrational phenomenon, the end of 2016, the Ministry of Industry and the United NDRC, CNCA once again promulgated the "Circular on promoting the healthy development of the robot industry," focusing on solving the "development of the robot industry around the industry Low-level redundant construction, low-end high-end industries, re-investment in light of independent innovation, heavy assembly production of key components and parts manufacturing, focusing on long-term interests of the development of light and other issues. "

Although it is important to introduce policies and government support, it is of the utmost importance for China to become a powerful robot manufacturing powerhouse and its own manufacturing enterprises have strong technical skills.


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