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[The time is ripe for building a global energy Internet. The "One Belt and One Road" energy cooperation has a bright future]
Release date:[2017-11-22] Read a total of [462] time

The current world energy development is facing severe challenges such as resource shortage, environmental pollution and climate change. The most fundamental solution is to implement clean alternative and electric energy alternative to build a global energy Internet. Recently, the "Global Energy Internet to Implement UN 2030 Agenda for Action on Sustainable Development" was officially released. As a China initiative to lead the reform of the global governance system, the global energy Internet will fully implement the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and achieve global sustainable development Development Goals Providing solutions and guidelines for action have a tremendous role in promoting the building of a community of human destinies, implementing the "Belt and Road" and tackling climate change.


Energy cooperation is an important part of the "One Belt and One Road" project. With the "One Belt and One Road" in-depth promotion, the "Belt and Road" energy construction will surely promote innovation in terms of infrastructures and cooperation modes, expand diversified channels for the import of energy in China, As well as to expand the international market for energy exporters along the "Belt and Road", energy cooperation will surely bring about remarkable economic and social well-being for the people between countries along the "Belt and Road".


Time to build a global energy Internet is ripe


The essence of the global energy Internet is "smart grid + UHV + clean energy", smart grid is the foundation, UHV is the key, clean power is the fundamental. The current global energy Internet construction in the technology, cost, market, politics and other aspects have been feasible. In recent years, the conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells continues to increase at a speed of 1 to 1.5 percentage points each year. The single capacity of offshore wind power is continuously increasing. The 8 MW wind turbine has been put into commercial operation and the 9.5 MW wind turbine has been successfully developed. Global wind and photovoltaic costs have dropped 30% and 75% respectively over the past five years. The maturity of UHV technology has greatly enhanced the power transmission, market trading and optimal allocation of power grid. Provided the conditions for building a global energy Internet. In addition, all the countries in the world take active actions. China proposed that the proportion of non-fossil fuels should reach 20% in 2030 and that 26 countries in the EU promised not to build coal-fired power stations after 2020.


Liu Zhenmin, deputy secretary-general of the United Nations, said that technological progress is reducing the cost of energy systems globally. New technologies, new business models and new ways of building capacity are all necessary conditions for changing the world and realizing global sustainable development through the smart grid The global energy interconnection provides an effective way to achieve this goal.


Liu Zhenya, chairman of China's World Power Internet Development Cooperation Organization and chairman of the China Electricity Council, said that building a global energy Internet is a major strategic move that concerns the future and destiny of mankind and will bring about fundamental changes in the productive forces and relations of production in the energy field. The historic opportunity of accelerating the development of clean energy also faces enormous challenges from philosophy and technology to practice and will surely go through a process of development in which consensus is reached, concerted efforts and joint actions are taken. At present, the conditions for building a global energy Internet are ready.


Cai Yong, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that the reverse distribution of energy resources and energy consumption also determines the interconnection, and that interworking is the trend of the times. 85% of the hydropower, electricity and solar energy resources in Asia, Europe and Africa are concentrated in North Asia through Central Asia-Russia-Far East and at a 45-degree angle with the equator. The reviews are mainly concentrated in East Asia, South Asia, Europe and southern Africa, Building a global energy Internet is an inevitable choice for optimizing the allocation of resources.


Energy infrastructure construction is impressive


The "Belt and Road Initiative" proposes transformation and cooperation including the exploration of exploration resources for coal, oil and gas, metals, minerals and traditional energy resources and the active promotion of hydropower, nuclear power, hydropower, solar energy cleaning and renewable energy sources, and the promotion of on-site processing of resources. We should form an integrated upstream and downstream industry chain for energy resources, strengthen deep processing technologies for energy resources, and cooperate with equipment and engineering services. According to the IEA's statistics, by 2040, the average annual installed capacity of the "Belt and Road" areas will exceed 80 million kilowatts and will become the fastest growing region in the world in terms of electricity consumption.


Since the "Belt and Road Initiative" was put forward, China's oil imports from countries along the "Belt and Road" constantly hit a record high, accounting for about 65% of China's oil imports and becoming the most important source of China's oil imports. At the same time, China continued to increase the market for refined oil export. In 2016, the export value of refined oil reached 19.3 billion U.S. dollars and about 70% of its exports were exported to the countries along the "Belt and Road". In particular, refined oil exports to Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore showed up Rapid growth, to meet the rapid growth of these countries demand for refined oil products.


Energy infrastructure construction is impressive. The Myanmar-Myanmar oil and gas pipeline project is the pilot project implemented by the "Belt and Road Initiative" in Myanmar and has been put into operation. Sino-Burmese oil and gas pipeline will be from the Middle East oil and gas to avoid the Straits of Malacca, from Myanmar by land directly to China. At present, the construction of gas pipelines in China and Central Asia has created an "energy Silk Road" stretching tens of thousands of kilometers and ensured the supply of living fuel to 400 million people along the route.


Sino-Russian crude oil pipelines have changed the history of China's import of oil from Russia mainly by rail transportation in the past. Not only the volume of transportation has been greatly increased, but the cost of transportation has also been greatly reduced. The CAB has planned 17 priority projects in the energy field. At present, 11 projects have been started and the vast majority of the projects will be completed by the end of 2019, which will greatly ease the current situation of domestic energy shortages in Pakistan and bring benefits to Pakistan The general public.


Will become the "new engine of economic development"


Li Ping, director of the Institute of Quantitative and Technical Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said building a global energy Internet can convert various types of energy such as coal, electricity, water, wind and light from the countries and regions along the "Belt and Road" to electricity. Long-distance transmission, to maximize the energy efficiency and economy, in order to promote economic and industrial development in all countries.


Zhou Yuanbing, vice president of the Global Energy Internet Cooperation and Development Organization Research Institute told China Industry News that building a global energy Internet can promote effective docking of energy development strategies, policies and standards of various countries, strengthen regional energy cooperation, promote policy communication, Demonstration and leading role. Enhance mutual trust and cooperation among countries, promote transnational networking and interconnection of power and promote facilities connectivity. Energy infrastructure interconnection will reach unprecedented heights, forming a pattern of Asia, Europe and non-energy interconnection. The clean energy is optimally deployed in a larger scope. The scale of cross-border and span-wise electricity trade has been significantly improved. Commercial and financial modes have been further innovated and developed, effectively supporting the development of the real economy. It is capable of establishing a transnational power market, expanding the scale of energy and power transactions, realizing clean energy, large-scale optimal allocation and promoting trade flow. It can set up a new platform for infrastructure investment and financing, open up new areas for green finance development, promote financial intermediation, solve the problem of electricity supply to the non-electrified population and protection of the ecological environment, and effectively guarantee and improve people's livelihood.


The report of the 19 "National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward:" We will actively promote international cooperation in the Belt and Road Initiative and strive to achieve a new platform for international cooperation through policy communication, facility connectivity, trade flow, financial facilities and common people. "Therefore, building a global energy Internet To strengthen energy cooperation will become a "new engine" for economic development and drive the development of emerging strategic industries such as high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy sources, new materials and electric vehicles, adding a powerful impetus to the economic development and transformation in China and the world.


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